List of endocrine hormones and their functions

List of Hormones in our body

One of the most important components required for normal functioning of the body are hormones. They are instrumental in smooth functioning of the body including digestion, respiration, growth, reproduction, sleep, and even our moods. Produced in the endocrine glands that are located in various parts of the body, hormones are chemical messengers that trigger many body functions. And, when the endocrine gland has any disease, it results in hormonal disorders.

Hormones travel throughout the body, yet they can trigger action only on a specific organ. Upon reaching the target organ, these hormones initiate or inhibit certain functions of the body. For example, the thyroid-stimulating hormone produced in the pituitary gland acts on the thyroid glands and influences the production of thyroid hormones. Aldosterone produced in the adrenal glands acts on the kidneys and regulates electrolyte balance and helps in balancing fluids.

Here’s a list of hormones that are produced in various endocrine glands with their functions.

Hormones and their functions

Hormone (ACTH)
Antidiuretic hormone
(ADH) / Vasopressin
  • Stimulates reabsorption of water from urine in kidneys.
  • Triggers vasoconstriction (constriction of blood vessels).
  • Above two actions result in the increase of blood pressure.
hormone (FSH)
Growth hormone/Somatotropin
hormone (LH)
  • Stimulates ovulation, formation of the corpus luteum, and
    production of estrogen and progesterone in women.
  • Stimulates the testes to produce testosterone in men.
  • Stimulates secretion of milk from breasts during lactation in
  • Triggers and enhances of uterine muscle contractions in
  • Assists in sperm movement and production of testosterone.
hormone (TSH)
Thyroxine (T4) and
Triiodothyronine (T3)
  • Regulates levels of calcium and phosphate in blood.
  • Triggers release of calcium from bones into bloodstream to
    prevent bone breakdown.
  • Also reduces the calcium levels present in the blood and tissue fluid.
hormone (PTH)
  • Increases calcium absorption from the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Controls levels of calcium in the blood.
  • Assists the kidneys to retain calcium that is otherwise lost in urine.
  • It is a glucocorticoid steroid hormone that has many metabolic and anti-inflammatory properties.
  • Controls salt and water balance, blood sugar levels, and blood pressure.
Norepinephrine and
  • It is an anabolic steroid that promotes development, maturation of testes and secondary sexual characteristics of men.
  • Assists in sperm production in men.
  • Promotes sexual arousal in women.
  • Promotes tissue development in female reproductive system.
  • Increases the growth and development of the and breasts, as well as the sexual characteristics of women.
  • Assists in the development and maturation of sperms in men.
  • Regulates the inner lining of the uterus (endometrium).
  • Assists in preparing the uterus walls to accept fertilizes eggs.
  • Stimulates development of milk-producing tissue in breasts.
  • May stimulate weight gain in both men and women.

Hormones are also secreted by other organs of the body, but these are not endocrine glands. These hormones also play an important role in regulating body functions. Organs like the heart, kidneys, and the intestines produce certain hormones that assist the body.


Hormone Released


Hormonal Disorders Conditions

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