What are the major tissues of the endocrine system?

The Endocrine System

The endocrine system functions through secretion of signaling substances, hormones, which act on receptors in target cells, tissues, and organs. Hormones are distributed throughout the body via the blood circulation and connective tissue spaces. The actions of the endocrine system are essential in maintenance of homeostasis, development, growth, and reproduction. The endocrine system communicates slowly compared to the body’s other coordinator: the nervous system.


  • Hypophysis (pituitary gland)
  • Pineal gland
  • Thyroid gland
  • Parathyroid glands
  • Adrenal glands
  • Hormone
  • Peptide hormones
  • Steroid hormones
  • Amine hormones
  • Negative feedback
  • Positive feedback
  • Adenohypophysis
  • Neurohypophysis
  • Chromophobes
  • Chromophils
  • Acidophils
  • Basophils
  • Folliculo-stellate cells
  • Pars nervosa
  • Pituicytes
  • Infundibulum
  • Pinealocytes
  • Melatonin
  • Thyroid follicle
  • Parafollicular cells (C cells)
  • Zona glomerulosa of adrenal cortex
  • Zona fasciculata of adrenal cortex
  • Zona reticularis of adrenal cortex
  • Adrenal cortex
  • Adrenal medulla
  • Chromaffin cells

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. Brüel A, Christensen EI, Geneser F, Tranum-Jensen J, Qvortrup K. Genesers Histologi. 1st ed. Munksgaard; 2012. Google Scholar
  2. Hansen NE, Haunsø S, Schaffalitzky De Muckadell OB. Medicinsk Kompendium 2. 16th ed. Nyt Nordisk Forlag Arnold Busck; 2004. Google Scholar
  3. Mescher AL. Junqueira’s basic histology, text and atlas. 13th ed. McGraw-Hill Education/Medical; 2013. Google Scholar
  4. Rehfeld A, Nylander M, Karnov KKS. Histologikompendium. 2nd ed. Munksgaard; 2013. Google Scholar
  5. Ross MH, Pawlina W. Histology: a text and atlas: with correlated cell and molecular biology. 7th ed. Wolter Kluwer; 2015. Google Scholar
  6. Young B, O’Dowd G, Woodford P. Wheater’s functional histology. 6th ed. Elsevier; 2014. Google Scholar

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

  1. Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark Anders Rehfeld MD, PhD, Malin Nylander MD, PhD & Kirstine Karnov MD

Rights and permissions

Open Access This chapter is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.5 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.5/), which permits any noncommercial use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license and indicate if changes were made.

The images or other third party material in this chapter are included in the chapter’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the chapter’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.

Copyright information

© 2017 Springer International Publishing Switzerland

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Rehfeld, A., Nylander, M., Karnov, K. (2017). The Endocrine System. In: Compendium of Histology. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-41873-5_24

Download citation

  • .RIS
  • .ENW
  • .BIB
  • DOI : https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-41873-5_24
  • Published : 08 September 2017
  • Publisher Name : Springer, Cham
  • Print ISBN : 978-3-319-41871-1
  • Online ISBN : 978-3-319-41873-5
  • eBook Packages : MedicineMedicine (R0)

Share this chapter

Anyone you share the following link with will be able to read this content:

Sorry, a shareable link is not currently available for this article.

Provided by the Springer Nature SharedIt content-sharing initiative